There may be a lot of “neigh-sayers” when it comes to eating horse meat, but the culinary history of the dish goes back a long way and further than just Japanese restaurants.
Horses are quickly becoming a hot export for Canadian farmers, but the way they are shipping is sending a chill down the spine of Canadian activists. Photo by: Richard Bartz
In Italy, horse meat is prepared as horse meat sausage. In France, horse meat fondue is a common way to enjoy the free-range food. In Uzbekistan, horse meat is prepared as horse platter that’s typically roasted with sausage. And in Germany, sauerbraten is a traditional pot roast dish that uses horse meat.
Over the last week, activists in Canada have protested the conditions in which horses are shipped when exported to other countries, specifically to Japan which has seen a large rise in demand for product.
While Japan may be one of the largest importers of horses, they certainly aren’t the only country who has used the meat to create culinary works of art; however, it’s the only country that takes its horse meat raw and might be the source of the current controversy surrounding the livestock.
According to the Asahi Shimbum, sixty per cent of the horse meat imported into Japan comes from Canada with the other 40 per cent coming from Hokkaido.
In recent years, Statics Canada reports that the number of live horses shipped to Japan has nearly tripled in numbers. There’s concern about the conditions in which they are shipped and allegations that the horses are made to stand for more than 36 hours at a time without water.
There are also reports that state after the butchering process, raw horse meat has a shelf life of about three days, which is greatly increasing demand for fresh livestock.
According to the Canadian Horse Defence Coalition, exports and imports of horses to and from Canada is now an industry that exceeds $80 million dollars in sales.
Yo-tu-ba is an association made up of Japanese restaurants that serve horse meat on their menus. According to their website, the tradition dates back to the 16th century when Japanese lord Kiyomosa Kato had to resort to eating his horse when rations ran dry during a battle.
Basashi, which the name of the thin slices of raw horse meat in modern times, is a trend and typically how horse meat in Japan is usually prepared. However, there are other ways to cook the dish.
The tradition has recently seen a revival among diners. It is thought that raw horse meat is a nutritious food and according to the Guardian it is usually free range and thus free from the health concerns associated with breeding animals to maximize their muscle mass.
As well, Yo-tu-ba notes that people once believed that horse meat could be a cure for colds and disease, but today the meat is appreciated more for its culinary aspects.
The Canadian Meat Council names France, Swizerland, Belgium, and Kazakhstan as the other largest markets